CLIMATE RELIC

Bank of America quits finance for coal mining, c.2015


Composition of relic

In 2015 Bank of America bowed to years of pressure from communities and activists and adopted a new policy that shifted its finance away from coal mining and into solar and wind power

Factors that led us to abandon this object:

Coal was the biggest single contributer to US climate emissions and was responsible for respiratory and heart diseases. Grassroots campaigns brought about increased awareness and regulations, meaning coal was no longer profitable - and social unacceptable.

Obstacles in the way of this relic being abandoned:

Coal mining companies like Peabody and Alpha tried to keep their industry alive.

Strategies we used to overcome those obstacles:

We used grassroots pressure to fight for regulations and corporate policies and we used litigation to keep those regulations enforced.

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Photo Credits: On Flickr: - Wandering the Neighbourhood by "fraleigh" (https://www.flickr.com/photos/fraleigh/1363983692/) - Remembrance by Pat Gaines (https://www.flickr.com/photos/patgaines/4203627413/) - Bison on the Plain by Michael Wallace (https://www.flickr.com/photos/wallaceperspective/4795510510/) - Grand Isle / stilts by Martin Gautron (https://www.flickr.com/photos/martingautron/5206979402/) - Salt River by Mike Beauregard (https://www.flickr.com/photos/31856336@N03/5414569749/) - buffalo gap badlands 183 by Bri Weldon (https://www.flickr.com/photos/briweldon/5893116238/) - Absaroka 1992 B01 by David Lawrence (https://www.flickr.com/photos/abysswriter/5919920281/) - Lions - Sharing a Meal by Steve Jurvetson (https://www.flickr.com/photos/jurvetson/5998214763/) - IMG_3081 "Plains Bison in Grand Teton National Park" by Geoff Lipscombe (https://www.flickr.com/photos/geff47/6363379055/) - Sunset Seattle @ Golden Gardens by "Lara604" (https://www.flickr.com/photos/lara604/10003414955/) - 3 Sheep on a Cliff by Jason Parrish (https://www.flickr.com/photos/arcticproductions/14796029882/) - "Kenia-Tanzania_Agosto2014_0039_16072014.jpg" by "rostras" (https://www.flickr.com/photos/rostras/14866875154/) - Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump by Dave Sutherland (https://www.flickr.com/photos/raptortheangel/14926542783/) - Bull Elk by Jay Melnick (https://www.flickr.com/photos/jaymelnick/15456375852/) - 357.365 : Starry Day by Rory MacLeod (https://www.flickr.com/photos/macrj/6775656499/) - Night impression by Olli Henze (https://www.flickr.com/photos/gruenewiese/14098060418/) - Rising & Diving by Thanasis Papathanasiou (https://www.flickr.com/photos/frigus/14788057285/) - Mountain near Rawl, West Virginia (https://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalmemorialforthemountains/255174892/in/set-72157594303835554) - People Risk Arrest at State Department Office in Boston Protesting Keystone XL Pipeline by Kayana Szymczak (https://www.flickr.com/photos/nokxl/10138901665/) - Typhoon Haiyan (Copyright 2013 JMA/EUMETSAT; http://www.flickr.com/photos/eumetsat/10726056545/) - Pays Basque, vallee des Aldedes (https://www.flickr.com/photos/dubusregis/4551325218/) - net zero house.jpeg by Darren Greenwood (https://www.flickr.com/photos/greenenergyfutures/14445476692/in/set-72157645217035742) Greenwood Racetrack New Urbanism by Dylan Passmore (http://www.flickr.com/photos/dylanpassmore/6938646469/) Garrison Woods, Calgary AB (https://www.flickr.com/photos/canadalandscompany/4253681591/) Rainwater Harvesting in Gibraltar - 1992 by Jim Linwood (https://www.flickr.com/photos/brighton/4356861008/) Jeda Villa Bali Solar by Bart Speelman (https://www.flickr.com/photos/jedavillabali/5077410064/) Rick Bayless' Garden 24 of 365 by Mary Ellen Bleeden (https://www.flickr.com/photos/112845476@N08/15111007051/) On Shutterstock: - cargo ship loading in coal cargo terminal by Aleksey Stemmer (http://www.shutterstock.com/pic-141348610/stock-photo-cargo-ship-loading-in-coal-cargo-terminal.html?src=m0h2eHkcYn8Thqb6ryqDmg-1-0) - Dry bulk shipping by Teun van den Dries (http://www.shutterstock.com/pic-128545217/stock-photo-dry-bulk-shipping.html) - Conveyer belt processing stockpiles of bulk cargo in port (http://www.shutterstock.com/pic.mhtml?id=58131247) - Explosion at a coal mine to extract coal (http://www.shutterstock.com/pic-93740869/stock-photo-explosion-at-a-coal-mine-to-extract-coal.html?src=fdpZ1TUBKPUUCHfZtB3ciw-1-34) - Riverboat with Coal (http://www.shutterstock.com/pic-69521032/stock-photo-riverboat-with-coal.html?src=syh9BwYYnQ4i29Yq5a74pQ-3-79) By RAN: Ambre Energy: Dirty, Dangerous and Obsolete (http://www.flickr.com/photos/rainforestactionnetwork/5486456476/in/photostream/) Stand with Pat: Tell BofA to Stop Funding Coal (https://www.flickr.com/photos/rainforestactionnetwork/8182597795/in/set-72157631999727019) Challenge Corporate Power (https://www.flickr.com/photos/rainforestactionnetwork/4986355107/in/photostream/) EPA: Stop MTR, Veto Spruce Mine (https://www.flickr.com/photos/rainforestactionnetwork/4986745064/) Other: Aerial view of homes that were ravaged by fire in the community of Breezy Point, NY [Image 4 of 12] (http://www.dvidshub.net/image/784055/aerial-view-homes-were-ravaged-fire-community-breezy-point-ny#.VLALF2TF_9t) Home Cracked in Half (https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/images/68865)